Some sociologists approach the study of deviance and crime from a structural functionalist standpoint they would argue that deviance is a necessary part of the process by which social order is achieved and maintained. In sum deviance is a violation of a norm simply not behaving in expected ways given the social circumstances but what is the difference in conformity crime deviance and both deviance and crime combined robert merton on deviance look at table 2 below to see robert mertons typology of deviance matrix. Crime and deviance are social constructs that vary according to the definitions of crime the forms and effectiveness of policing the social characteristics of criminals and the relations of power that structure society. Crime the study of social deviance is the study of the violation of cultural norms in either formal or informal contexts social deviance is a phenomenon that has existed in all societies where there have been norms. Strain theory argues tht crime and deviance is caused by the inter relationship between cultural goals of society money wealth status power on western capitalist society the chances and means of achieving such as goals
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